Tanzania Area Map and Overview

Tanzania area map


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Tanzania geography

Tanzania‘s geography is one of the most varied and unique in the world: it contains Africa‘s highest point, Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895m), as well as the largest lake in Africa (Lake Victoria) which is traditionally named as the source of the Nile. The legendary Mount Kilimanjaro’s natural beauty, as well as the fact that it has the highest peak in Africa, attracts thousands of tourists to Tanzania each year.

Tanzania with its world renowned National Parks, is definitely a country widely recognized both in terms of diverse wildlife and natural beauty and contains some of the largest and most beautiful wilderness areas in the world. The country’s National Parks consists of a mosaic of savannah grasslands, tropical forests, riverine basins, mountain ranges, swamps, mangroves and coral reefs.

With National parks extending over some 33,0000 sq km, Tanzania has more land devoted to national parks and game reserves than any other wildlife destination in the world. Tanzania is also home to the famous vast roaming herds of the Serengeti National Park and the stunning Ngorongoro Crater, as well as Lake Tanganyika, Africa’s deepest freshwater lake and the second deepest in the world. The Indian Ocean lies to the east of Tanzania. Off its white sandy beaches lie the sleepy islands of Pemba, Mafia and the magical island of Zanzibar.

Tanzania is one of the unique destinations on the African continent that has yet to be discovered by many. Not surprisingly, for many tourists, Tanzania is considered to be the ultimate safari destination.

Tanzania ethnic groups

tanzania-peopleTanzania’s best asset is its people – friendly, welcoming, unassumingly proud and yet reserved and they will treat you with uncommon warmth and courtesy wherever you go in Tanzania.

The best known tribe in Tanzania is the Maasai, a cattle herding tribe, who inhabit the region around the National Parks and game reserves in the north.

In addition to the Maasai there are a colourful tapestry of a further 126 loosely defined tribes in Tanzania, ranging from the few hundred ancient nomadic Kindiga hunters of Lake Eyasi to the million strong Sukumas tribe of Lake Victoria.

Tanzania’s major concentration of population is however at the coast, the shores of Lake Victoria and the fertile soils of the northern mountains. Large areas of this vast country remain completely uninhabited.

Tanzania area map

The climate for Tanzania’s coastal areas are tropical, hot and humid, but are usually tempered by sea breezes. The rainy season for the coastal areas lasts from March to June.

On Tanzania’s central plateau the climate is mostly is dry and arid.

The northern highlands are cool and temperate and the rainy season here lasts from March to May with some short rains during November, which can make travelling on dirt roads in some areas, difficult.

Best time to visit Tanzania

Ngorongoro Conservation Area
The weather is usually dry from June to October. It may rain in the area anytime from November to May, with definite heavier and longer rains in April to May. A dry period in January and February normally splits the rainy season into short and long rains.

Lake Manyara National Park
The long dry season from June to September and again in January and February. During the rainy months, November, and March / April some roads are nearly impassable and the mosquitoes are plentiful.

Serengeti National Park
Rainfall is mainly restricted to light rain during December with heavy peaks during March to April. February is one of the best months when masses of migratory herds are on the short grass of the southern Serengeti plains. It is also the birthing season for the wildebeest and it is always a thrill to watch a baby wildebeest stumble to its feet minutes after being born.

Arusha National Park
All year long, but the peak of the rainy season March to April might require a 4 wheel drive vehicle.

Tarangire National Park
Best game viewing months are during the dry season between July to December. Animals are drawn in great numbers to the only permanent water in the area – the Tarangire River.